Urban Green System

1) Ecological Landscape Green Lands: Combining with the natural ecological system in Hangzhou, set up a fundamental framework for urban ecology, featuring “mountain, lake, city, river, farmland, sea and stream”, in which major tasks will be about building “four parks (four suburban forest parks), multiple areas (water reservation area, wetland reserve and scenic area) and mutiple corridors (waterside green corridor and transportation green corridor)”, to form a ecological landscape green system that has “two rings (inner and outer rings), two axes (Qiantang River and the Grand Canal), and six eco-belts”.

2) Urban Green: taking “to construct an international scenic and tourist city and an ecological city” as the goal, highly value the urban forestation, proactively develop green belts along rivers, streams and roads, reasonably balance the distribution of park green lands of various levels, pay great attention to the green lands in residential quarters, factory zones and school areas, vigorously push forward vertical forestation and roof plantation, attach importance to tree planting to meet the principle of plant diversity, focus on the ecological effectiveness and lanscape effectiveness of plants, and bring urban green lands into play in disaster avoidance and alleviation. Work determinedly to raise the urban green coverage rate to create an urban green system combining the spot, line and plane, which incorporates mountain, water, forest, park and city as one.
  1. Main city: emphasis will be laid on the construction of municipal parks including Chengbei Sports Park, Chengxi Park, New Urban Center Park, Canal Park, Xitang River Park and Taimiao Site Park, etc.; each administrative district will all have more than two district level parks with an area of thirty to fifty thousand square meters for each park; advance the forestation in residential quarters, with a combination of constructing park green lands based on the old urban areas to be updated and historic and cultural sites, to reach a frame where a green land of no less than 2000 square meters can be seen in every area with a radius of 500 meters.
  2. Jiangnan subcity: for Xiaoshan urban area, significance will be put on the expansion of the two municipal parks of Beiganshan Park and Xishan Park, and Jiangsi Park and Zhiyuansi Park etc. will be built combining the protection of cultural relics and historic spots, with roads and waterside green lands as the framework; for riverside areas, the two large municipal parks of Qiantang River Binjiang Park, Xixing Bridge Qiaotou Park will be developed with open green lands and squares along the river as the main forms; for the future urban CBD, municipal parks such as Jiangnan Central Park, Century Park and so on will be set up. For Binjiang District, the municipal park of Binjiang Central Park will be shaped up with the 100-meter long green belt along the river and green belts along both sides of urban main roads as the framework; green squares will be blazed and district level central park will be built, to promote the district center construction; park green lands of various levels will be reasonably distributed according to residential quarter planning.
  3. Linping subcity: park green lands of various levels will be equally distributed with the three municipal parks including Linpingshan Park, Linping Chengbei Park and Belt Park along the Canal as the main part, green belts along roads and rivers as the framework, referring to the construction of central squares, residential quarters and industrial zones.
  4. Xiasha subcity: a total width of 300 meters of green belt will be reserved along the two sides of the ring road for setting up urban green lands, functioning as urban parks and the green shelter isolating the second and third class industries. 100-meter wide green belts along the river will be blazed; the two municipal parks (Xiasha Qiaotou Park and Jiubao Central Park) will be completed; district parks will be established combined with squares; park green lands of various levels should be reasonably distributed in compliance with the construction of residential areas and the higher education zone.
  5. Surrounding clusters: one park with an area of fifty to one hundred thousand square meters or more will be built in each group, and green land system will be respectively planned according to the specific environmental characteristics of a group, among which, Tangqi should put its main efforts on green belts along the banks of the Grand Canal; Liangzhu will pay special attention to Liangzhu National Heritage Park; Yuhang will take full advantage of natural mountains and historical and cultural remains; Yipeng should devote to the construction of the central park and square with green belts along the river and roads as the framework; Guali will build parks around Hangwu Hill; and Linpu should focus on the Puyang River and natural hills.