Urban Traffic

1)Urban Public Transport: give prominence to the role of public transport in urban transit, forming a modern public transport system with rail transportation and fast above-ground public transit as the lead, an efficient and convenient transfer system as the support, conventional buses (or trams) as the foundation and other public transport vehicles as the supplement.
  By the year of 2050, the rail transport network will be composed of 8 lines with a total length of around 284 kilometers; by 2020, this network will contain 5 rail transit lines with a total length of 171 kilometers or so.

2)Urban Road Transport: expedite the construction of road transportation, complete the urban road network, give priority to the development of public transport, rationally guide the development of compact cars, raise the level of scientific and technological content in urban traffic management, and spur the intelligentization of urban transport, to form a comprehensive transport network system with complete road network, well defined functions, rational structure and first class control. With expressways as the main frame and with reference to trunk roads and sub-trunk roads, construct a urban road network system of well defined funtions and rational gradation, which basically takes the shape of a square grid, and is mainly the intertexture of ring roads and radial roads.
  "One ring, three vertical and five lateral expressways" will be completed to form an urban fast transport network that interconnects every city cluster-group. “One ring” refers to the ring road which meets the high standard for highways, with a total length of 123 kilometers, mainly designed to mitigate the pressure that cross-boundary vehicles put on the city, and to diverge the traffic flow heading for the urban areas; “three vertical expressways” are composed of north-south roads including Shangtang Road-Zhonghe Road-Shidai Avenue, Shiqiao Road-Qiutao Road-Fengqing Avenue and Donghu Road-Tonghui Road; “five lateral expressways” are made up of west-east roads which are Shixiang Road and its extension section, Desheng Road and its extension section, Tianmushan Road-North Ring Road-Genshan Road, Jiangnan Avenue, and Caihong Avenue.

The structural drawing of road transport
The structural drawing of road transport (click the picture to enlarge)

3) External Transport:
  1. Railway: the setup of railway marshalling stations abides by the principle of “one primary station, one secondary station”; the public railway transport hub is composed of Hangzhou East Station, Hangzhou Station and Hangzhou South Station (Xiaoshan Station). The new Zhejiang-Jiangxi line will turn to underground to the South of Wangjiang Gate, then pass the tunnel under Qiantang River and the green belt on the north bank of Beitang River, and come out of the ground at Hangzhou South Station. In the area to the south of Wangjiang Gate railway crossing, Zhejiang-Jiangxi Railway and all yard facilities will transform into urban transport facilities. Shanghai-Hangzhou-Ningbo High Speed Passenger Rail Line, Ningbo-Hangzhou Intercity Line and Shanghai-Hangzhou Magnetic Suspension Line leading to Hangzhou East will be take form; a cross-river channel will be built in the vincity of the Second Qianjiang Bridge for this purpose.
  2. Road: urban external transport should be boosted. To this end, efforts will be made to construct the ring road and seventeen outgoing roads, forming a “one hour and a half” metropolitan road traffic circle with the help of tightening links with surrounding cities such as Shanghai, Nanjing, Ningbo and Huangshan, etc.
  3. Water: construct the trunk water shipping network composed of “one port, five lines and four branch lines”; raise the level of traffic capacity of Qiantang River to Level 4; reform the Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal and set up the second channel of the Grand Canal in the east of Jiubao.
  4. Air: Hangzhou Xiaoshan International Airport is an airport for both national major lines and international scheduled flights, with a future capacity of 30,000,000 passengers per year and a future coverage of 10 sq km.