State Council Approval about Overall Urban Planning of Hangzhou
Doc.NO. [2007] 19

The People's Government of Zhejiang Province:
  We have received the document “On the Request for Approval of Urban Planning of Hangzhou(2001 ~ 2020)” . Approvals are as follows:

  1. The revised “The Urban Planning of Hangzhou(2001 ~ 2020 " is basically agreed (hereinafter referred to as "Urban Plan").

  2. As the capital city and the center of economy, culture, science and education of Zhejiang Province; one of the central cities in Yangtze River delta; Hangzhou is a historical and cultural city also a very popular tourist destination. With the guidance of scientific concept of development and sustainable development strategies of coordinating with economic, social, population, environment and resources, the work of urban planning, construction and management should be done well. Vigorously promote the economic growth mode transformation, actively adjust the industrial structure and layout, give priority to developing high-tech industry and the tertiary industry, and constantly improve the urban functions, gradually, Hangzhou will develop into a modern city which is prosperous, harmonious, well-equipped and ecological.

  3. Guide the layout of urban space orderly. In the urban planning area (3122 sq km) which is appointed by the "Urban Plan", unified planning and management work of both city and town should be carried out. Taking the main city of Hangzhou as the center, Qiantang River as the axis, strengthening the construction of the three sub-cities--Jiangnan, Linping, Xiasha and other groups, the space layout of “One Main City, Three Sub-cities and Six Clusters” is formed. Gradually the function of the main city should be improved, industrial enterprises migrated and the density of population and buildings reduced. Districts like Xiaoshan, Yuhang and other development zones should be managed with unified planning, adhering to complement each other, share resources and facilities, to develop coordinately with surrounding areas. The construction of towns and villages should be coordinated with the urban layout in order to promote the industrialization of agriculture and development of rural economy.

  4. Make rational planning for urban population and land construction — by 2020, resident population should be controlled within 4.05 million and land construction 400 sq km; combined with the provincial urban system and land use planning. According to the layout from the “Urban plan”, make rational distribution of the population positively to prevent blind expansion of population growth. Adhere to focus on compact development way and make good use of the environment and resources to ensure the protection of arable land, especially the basic farmland. Emphasize the importance of using and developing urban land and underground space in a constructive and environmental friendly way.

  5. Improve the urban infrastructure systems, like transportation system--road, railways, civil aviation and water transport. Adhering to the principle: public transport first and gradually the public passenger transport service systems will be established and improved, including rail transportation, high speed public transport with large capacity. The construction of urban water supply, drainage, sewage and garbage disposal should be planned coordinately. Strengthening information systems and key projects of taking precautions against natural calamity. Great importance should also be placed on urban disaster prevention work. Comprehensive disaster prevention systems should be established, including flood control, protection against the tide, and precaution against earthquakes, civil defense and prevention of all natural disasters.

  6. Build a resource-saving and environmental friendly city with the emphasis on expenditure reduction and environment protection. Develop the recycling economy with reasonable arrangements for industrial layout. Build a water-saving city with protecting urban water resources and others that are in reserve, improving the efficiency of water use. Gradually promote the use of clean energy with strict implementation of energy-saving design standards. In order to promote resource-saving among industry, transportation and architecture; synchronize the construction of economy, town and country, and environment, in accordance with the environmental standards from the “Urban Plan”; strengthen the comprehensive environmental management of the city and improve the efficiency of sewage and garbage disposal in order to achieve an ecological cycle and promote urban sustainable development; protect the mountain areas in the northwest Yuhang, western West Lake and hilly areas in southern Xiaoshan; strengthen the realignment of rivers and West Lake ; and pollution control of Qiantang River , Shao River (苕溪) and ect.

  7. Improve the urban inhabited environment effectively with a people-oriented principle. The planning layout of public services such as education, health care and municipal construction should be carried out effectively. The construction of commercial housing, economically affordable housing and low-rent housing should be brought into line with immediate planning; to ensure the supplying scale, distribution and capital investment of economically affordable housing and low-rent housing. The transformation of dilapidated houses should be done in accordance with the actual needs of the people in order to improve their quality of life.

  8. Emphasis should be placed on the importance of conserving history, culture and scenic features. The natural scenery of Hangzhou is closely integrated with its historical and cultural heritage, it strengthens the overall conservation of Hangzhou with exceptional measures. In accordance with the “Overall Plan”, it protects the landscape of “cloud-capped hills on three sides and the busy town on one side” also “Lake-city combination harmoniously”; maintain the basic structure of the old city; strictly limit the road width and height, massing and color of surrounding buildings.

  New or expanded buildings in West Lake scenic areas that impede the protection are strictly prohibited. Traditional features and characteristics should be maintained. The protection of historical and cultural districts like Qinghe Lane; historical and cultural sites under state protection like Liangzhu Cultural Sites also Lin’an City Heritage Sites; together with underground cultural relics buried sites must be strengthened.

  9. Carry out the "Urban Plan" strictly. Coordinated development of an economic society, construction of a socialist, material and spiritual civilization are the goals of urban construction. Strengthening the democracy and legal system; run urban affairs according to law and build a harmonious society. As the fundamental basis of urban development and management, the "Urban Plan" is the guidance of all constructions. In connection with national economy and social development planning "Eleventh Five-Year Plans", focal points and time sequencing should be implemented properly. Urban planning administrative department should implement the plan such as urban planning scope according to the law, including the construction and management of all construction land in development areas; and management of municipal urban planning can not be delegated. Strengthen public and social supervision and awareness of obeying to the urban planning. All units stationed in Hangzhou should comply with the laws and the “Urban Plan” and support Municipal Government of Hangzhou with all the urban planning work, to build a city with better planning, construction and management.

  With the spirit of this approval, Hangzhou Municipal People's Government should carry out the “Urban Plan” seriously. No unit or individual may change it. Zhejiang Provincial Government and Ministry of Construction are responsible for the supervision and inspection work.

State Council
Feb.16th, 2007